The Graduate Center - City University of New York

Union and Liberty! and Union and Slavery!

This pro-Republican wood engraving from the 1864 presidential campaign was directed to working-class northerners, contrasting the North's free labor system with the South's chattel slavery. On the left, Lincoln shakes hands with a skilled worker (who wears the symbolic artisan hat and carries tools) in front of a group of black and white children emerging from a schoolhouse—an unusual endorsement of racial equality during the campaign. On the right, Democratic candidate George McClellan cooperates with Confederate President Jefferson Davis as a slave auction occurs in the background.

Date: 1864

Publisher: New York: M. W. Siebert

Source: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress